Valley of Geysers
The Valley of Geysers is a brand name of Kronotskiy Preserve.
It is hard-to-reach, because it’s situated 180 km away from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy and it is a part of protected area. The ecosystem of the Valley is unique for Russia, but quite fragile because of external stress, that is why the whole route is equipped with wooden broad walks for people to walk.
In 2008 the Valley of Geysers was included in the list of seven Russian wonders.
The Valley of Geysers in Kamchatka is one of the largest geyser areas in the world and the only one in Eurasia. It is situated in the heart of the Kronotskiy Biosphere Preserve and included into the list of the UNESCO world heritage.
We have an unbelievable opportunity to observe the variety of nature conditions and microclimatic features including the landscapes of several geographic zones.Geyser is a hot spring shooting boiling water out of the burning earth.
Geysers are definitely nature miracles, because there are only four large fields sheltering dozens of natural fountains, staggering by their striking beauty and unique periodicity of work!
The Kamchatka Valley of Geysers is an exceptional attraction! In a small canyon of the Geysernaya river there’s a plenty of thermal hot springs, mud pots, waterfalls and amazing geysers shooting out fountains of steam and water!
The hydrothermal system of the volcano is one of the most powerful in Kamchatka.
It is situated only 15 km away from the Valley of Geysers. A small territory has thousands of various springs, the hydrothermal activity results in a number of boiling holes, mud pots and mud volcanoes, steaming fields, thermal and acid lakes.
As soon as you make a step on a hot and as if living land of the caldera, you start realizing what gigantic energy is concealed in the earth treasury.
Special investigations have shown that the death of animals and birds is due to the high concentration of poisonous gases, mainly hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide, carbon disulphide, and others.
Only 7 km from the well-known Valley of Geysers, just at the foot of Kikhpinych volcano there’s a small area where animals regularly perish.
Death Valley is situated upwind of deep gas jets. It is no accident that there are sulfur deposits on the sides and bottom of the river. Large concentrations of gases accumulate in low areas, snow gullies and alcoves, especially when the sky is overcast and the weather is calm. In open and windswept areas, the concentration of gases is not dangerous.
ВThe contents of the poisonous cocktail in Kamchatka’s Death Valley, however, are much more complex, aggressive, and dangerous than those of other death valleys, and it is unlike any other in the world.
The largest freshwater lake of Kamchatka has no matches in its beauty!
Kronotskoye Lake is the largest freshwater lake (242 km2) and drainage basin (2,330 km2) on Kamchatka; it is the second largest in terms of water volume (12.4 km3) and the third deepest on Kamchatka.
To the east there is Kronotsky volcano, one of the most picturesque in Kamchatka.
The lake is also unique because of the natural ecosystems within its watershed. A population of kokanee (a freshwater form of the sockeye) with about 30 million fish evolved here from anadromous sockeye as a result of long-term isolation. For the same reason, a group of char with three different types also evolved; at least one of them is believed to be a separate species which diverged from the others due to adaptation and specialization. Mechanisms of speciation in this closed ecosystem warrant close attention of geneticists and fish biologists.